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E. H. Butler Library, Buffalo State, The State University of New York

Diversity, Equity, & Inclusion : Socio-Economic

E. H. Butler Library information on Diversity, Equity, Inclusion initiatives, including links to research, local, and national information.

Socio-Economic Definitions


Socioeconomic Status: The American Psychological Association defines socioeconomic status as the social standing or class of an individual or group. It is often measured as a combination of education, income and occupation. Examinations of socioeconomic status often reveal inequities in access to resources, plus issues related to privilege, power and control.

First Generation (NCES): The National Center for Education Statistics defines first-generation college students as those who are enrolled in postsecondary education and whose parents do not have any postsecondary education experience. However, definitions vary between states, schools, and institutions, and we want to include you if you identify as first-generation based on your family’s level of educational attainment and limited exposure to or knowledge about attending college.

Low Income (NCES):  The National Center for Education Statistics defines low income students as those whose family income was below 125 percent of the federally established poverty level for their family size.

  • Low-income college student is often defined as a student who qualifies to receive the Pell Grant, a federal grant provided to students who qualify based on information on their FAFSA (Free Application for Federal Student Aid).
  • You might also identify as low-income if you experience food or housing insecurity, are eligible for government assistance programs, or cannot afford other basic needs. 

Library Resources on Socioeconomic Status & Inequality 

Journals & Periodicals
Notable Articles 
Open Internet Sources & Groups
Videos & Multimedia 

Buffalo State Resources

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E. H. Butler Library, SUNY Buffalo State
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